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Kategori: Penerbit STKIP Santu Paulus
- Dibaca: 519 kali
Judul :Discourse on Language and Culture (Proceeding)
Editors : Hieronimus C.Darong, S.S.,M.Pd & Tobias Gunas,
Penerbit : STKIP Santu Paulus Ruteng, 2015
Halaman : xiv + 174
Ukuran : 15 x 21 cm
The relationship between language and culture has kept on fascinating people from a wide variety of backgrounds. Language is used to maintain and convey culture and cultural ties. Different ideas stem from differing language use within one’s culture and the whole intertwining of these as such. Culture is the beliefs and practices governing the life of a society for which a particular language is the vehicle of expression. Therefore, everyone’s views are dependent on the culture which has influenced them, as well as being described using the language which has been shaped by that culture.
The understanding of a culture and its people can be enhanced by the knowledge of their language. People are brought up under similar behavioural backgrounds or cultural situations but however speak different languages, their world view may be very different. In other word, different thoughts are brought about by the use of different forms of language. Different languages will create different limitations, therefore a people who share a culture but speak different languages, will have different views of this globe. Still, language is rooted in culture and culture is reflected and passed on by language from one generation to the next.
Regarding to this, English Study Program of Saint Paul College held a seminar dealing with discourse analysis on language and culture. This has been settled to be used as the main concern of all paper for the sake of comemorating the youth vow. The gist of this seminar is to sensitize audience to many facts and problems concerning language and culture, including the affect as well as effect, which to a large extent is relevant to our real life as a group of community in society.
Prof.Dr.Ni Nyoman Padmadewi, M.A. in her paper entitled “The Language of Men and Women (A Discourse Analysis Viewed from Balinese Culture Perspective)” stated that in using language, men tend to be direct and women, on the other hand, like to keep and maintain connection in the form of indirectness. This can be seen from the characteristics of the languages used. Women used more polite languages than men. Further, she said that education determines the power and solidarity. Yet, above all, this must be viewed from cross culture perspective. Cognitive system is higly expected to be improved in order to be more flexible, condusive and dynamic in using the language.
Raimundus Beda, S.Fil, M.Hum. in his paper entitled “An Analysis on Code Switching used by Adults in Facebook” found that all three types of code-switching suggested by Poplack that is tag-switching, inter-sentential switching and intra-sentential switching appeared in Facebook. Further, Beda said that the reasons why people do code-switching in Facebook are talking about particular topic. This tends to be the most reason for people do code-switching. Then, it is followed by repetition for clarification, be emphatic about something, quoting somebody else and the last one is expressing group identity.
Tobias Gunas, S.S.,M.Pd. in his paper “Manggaraian Language Use in Langke Rembong Subdistrict and Its Implications to Language Maintenance” stated that the situation of Manggarain Language use in Langke Rembong subdistric is highly complex. Families and schools indicate unstable situation of Manggaraian language use, while adat leaders demonstrate a very stable language situation. Consequently, the situation of Manggaraian language may change extremely or positively. Then, it is highly recomended that the attempts of language maintenance should involve wider local communities, beginning from families, schools, universities to local government.
Hieronimus Canggung Darong,S.S., M.Pd. in his paper entitled “Politeness Strategy Used in Manggarain Marriage Proposal” stated that politeness in marriage proposal is a pragmatic phenomenon to be concerned with. Such Manggarain politeness covering ethiqe, manner and conduct change as the time goes by. Consequently, Manggarain appreciation toward culture, marriage proposal in particular decreased. Then, what valuable on their mind is more valueable than what it should be. Consequently, the value which is considred to be valuable if only we try to make it more is highly kept away. This as such happens because of the strategy in which politeness is determined.
Fatmawati, M.Pd. in her paper “The Cohesiveness and Coherence of texts in English Textbooks” emphaizes that the correct use of a standard grammatical structure and the consideration of situational context are not the only resources fro creating a text. There is still another important resource that needs to be considered in order to produce a text. This third resource refers to the way the clauses used in a text go together (the unity of cluses).There are two components determining the unity of clauses in a text that is the contextual properties of a text referred to as coherence and cohesion which stands for the internal properties of the text.
Yosefina Rosdiana Su, S.S., M.Pd in her paper “Gender’s Perspectives toward the Issues of Women and HIV/AIDS in Reba McEntire’s She Thinks His Name was John” is investigating about gender values portrayed in a Song. The song she investigates presented a strong intention that women can be unintentionally become the victims of HIV/AIDS. In her investigation, the writer intergrates the sociological perspectives of Gender and the facts about women and HIV/AIDS reflected in the song. She consideres that the character of “She” illustated in Reba McEntire’s She Thinks His Name Was John is the gender representation toward the issues of Women and Interpersonal relationship, Women and HIV/AIDS Transmision, and the Gender Based Violence.
Yustus Sentus Halum, M.Pd in his paper entitled” Linguistic Diversity and the Poverty in a Globaling World” reconfirmed that as globalization increases, so does the loss of human languages. People find it is easier to conduct business and communicate with those outside their own culture if they speak more widely used languages like English, Chinese, Hindi, Spanish or Russian. The major framework for this article is that economic globalization should foster language attitudes in that context our current linguistic diversity is not sustainable. People are facing fundamental changes in their societies, changes brought about by the consequences of economic globalisation. Therefore, maintaining the world’s languages should go hand in hand with achieving and maintaining a larger strategy for cultural survival.
Yosefina Helenora Jem, M.Pd through her paper wants to analyze “Taboo in Advertising”. She considers that taboo concept such as menstruation exists in society. It happens due to the lack of education, misunderstanding and misinterpretation. However, nowadays ads for woman hygiene product are so many such as hers protex, hello kitty, charm body fit, etc. Through those ads, women as the target of the product are influenced to buy the product. The success of the ads to promote those products shows that menstruation is not seen as something which is dangerous or ashamed anymore. It, then, can be said that ads are able to disguise the concept of taboo dealing with menstruation. The way how ads disguise menstrual taboo concept is done through visual softening taboo, textual softening taboo and visual textual softening taboo.
Sebastianus Menggo,M.Pd. in his paper “Language planning and language policy” confirmed that language planning is a government authorized, long term, sustained, and conscious effort to alter a language’s function in a society for the purpose of solving communication problems. He emphasized that there are five logical argumentations of LPP that highly promoted namely language loyalty, language enrichment, ethnic revitalization, nationalism, and legitimacy status. Yet, above all LPP has educational goals (Hieronimus C.Darong, S.S.,M.Pd & Tobias Gunas, S.S., M.Pd).0 Komentar :